Sexually transmitted infections are usually acquired through intimate relations with an infected partner either through oral, vaginal-penile or anal-penile sex. Some STI’s like genital warts can be acquired through mere genital contact. Let me just note that infection can increase the risk of long term health problems like infertility, cervical cancer, pelvic and tubal inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy.
Some people really do not take the risks seriously they think that this is just a a big joke. They think that this just a game . Crazy but true some really do think that the risk of STI is a joke.Guess what life maybe a game and in video games you maybe invincible in real life you are not so lucky.No one is invincible from STI’s.
The most effective way to prevent STI and to be able to minimize the risk of infection is complete sexual abstinence. That includes no body and fluid contact with another person. Condom’s maybe of help but are not fully protective offering limited coverage of the genital area. Monogomy is the the best way to go.
Dr. Marcellano Cruz, Philippine Society of Venereologists, Inc. (PSVI), gave different anecdotes of how the organization was re-established. He also said that there is no fresh data on the real stats on STI because there is no law that mandates physicians to submit repots based on patient records to the Department of Health (DoH).
He also mentioned the Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 1998 does not requireed physicians to submit such reports and can only volunteer to do so. Unfortunately,rarely would a physician volunteer to submit these reports. Had the law been compulsory then they would have been able to update the statistics on STI.
Dr.Francisca Roa, PSVI President, stressed that the DoH must acknowledge the country’s lack of substantial research, surveys and epidemiologic studies on STIs.
According to Roa, the 2005 Sentinel STI Etiologic Surveillance System conducted by DoH was “erroneous”, from data collection to the data transmission. She added that the errors on the results of the region-specific survey were based on mere clinical diagnoses and gathered through a “syndemic” approach.
Members of PVSI stressed the need to treat the alarming case of STI cases among Filipinos similar to the recent dengue pandemic. Like dengue, people should be well-informed of its prevention.
According to Dr. Edna Santiago, PSVI Vice President, the increasing rate of STI cases in the Philippines can also be accounted to the passive surveillance conducted by DoH in hospitals and commercial hygiene clinics, usually based only on walk-in patients who seek medical attention.
Roa, meanwhile, stressed that having a nationally available data would increase awareness among people, especially women, since most STIs are not easily detected.
“The anatomical appearance of the female genitals keeps visual signs from being detected as such infections manifest internally. The infection being asymptomatic is an additional problem. Unlike in men, genital warts or infections can easily be seen,” she explained.
STI’s are a major cause of morbidity in the Philippines and the data is limited,the rise of STI is believed to be higher than what is actually reported. Unfortunately, many patients choose to self medicate instead of seeking medical attention. Many STI’s such as HPV, remain undetected they are asymptomatic and thus one can transmit it without even knowing he or she is even infected.
Today, most people still see the risks of developing STIs as something insignificant,” Roa said.She also blames STIs on the passive behavior of people and the fear for stigma.
As part of their advocacy against STIs, PVSI will have its 9th Biennial Convention at the Garden Plaza Hotel in Paco, Manila on September 23 to 24 to help spread awareness among medical practitioners and allied professionals.
Dr. Francisca Roa, Dr. Marcellano Cruz, Inc.Sex, Infections, Philippine Society, Rise, Sexually, Transmitted, Venereologists